Leather or not

Lether or not

We all want to possess a piece of genuine leather furniture, bag or accessory owing to our age-old obsession for Leather. Of late, the terms; full grain leather, corrected grain leather, split leather, PU, PVC, and Art leather are causing confusion in the minds of the consumers. Here’s a quick review of leather and leather-like materials.

  • Leather or genuine leather is the animal hide/skin, treated and tanned to make it durable and flexible for furniture or accessory manufacturing.
  • Full-grain leather is the closest to the natural form of the hide where it is not sanded or buffed to remove imperfections, allowing certain scars, marks, and scratches to remain.
  • Top-grain leather is thinner, more pliable leather. When the thick hide is split the top layer becomes top grain leather. It is lightly sanded and coated with oil to keep it soft and workable.
  • Corrected-grain leather is the hide that is sanded and buffed to remove the imperfections from highly scarred or scratched surface. Since the natural grain pattern is distorted, a consistent pattern of leather grains is embossed on the surface.
  • Aniline leather is leather not dyed on the surface with any paint but is dyed in soluble dyes retaining natural surface of the hide.
  • Antique leather is not a type but just a look of leather achieved by treating leather with antique colour liquid or paste.
  • Nubuck leather is buffed top grain leather where the grains are sanded to give a smoother look different from the traditional leather look.
  • Pull-up leather is Aniline leather coated with wax or oil. It develops the distressed look due to natural wear and tear. This worn out effect is the preferred feature of this leather.
  • Split leather – After removing the top layer from the hide, the fibrous part that remains is called the drop split. Drop split is further split into thinner layers and embossed with leather grain pattern to create split leather.
  • Bonded leather is reconstituted leather made from scraps and left over pieces of leather, bonded together using polyurethane and resin. It is embossed with leather like grains to replicate the appearance of leather.
  • PU is an abbreviation of Polyurethane. PU is 100% synthetic material that may look like leather.
  • PVC PolyVinylChloride is a form of Vinyl, made to resemble leather by adding texture. The softer version of PVC is used for furniture upholstery.